Decree Will Grant Chavez Power To Remake Venezuelan Society January 31, 2007Posted by notapundit in World News.
By Fabiola Sanchez
Of THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
CARACAS (AP)–President Hugo Chavez is set to assume unbridled powers to remake Venezuelan society as the National Assembly prepares to grant him authority to enact sweeping measures by presidential decree.
The assembly, which is completely controlled by Chavez supporters, was meeting in a Caracas plaza to approve a so-called “enabling law” Wednesday that will to give Chavez special powers for 18 months to transform 11 broadly defined areas, including the economy, energy and defense.
Chavez, who is beginning a fresh six-year term, says the legislation will be the start of a new era of “maximum revolution” during which he will consolidate Venezuela’s transformation into a socialist society. His critics, however, are calling it a radical lurch toward authoritarianism by a leader with unchecked power.
The former paratroop commander has already said he will use the law to decree nationalizations of Venezuela’s largest telecommunications company and the electricity sector, slap new taxes on the rich and impose greater state control over the oil and natural gas industries.
A final draft of the law shows Chavez will also be allowed to dictate unspecified measures to transform state institutions; reform banking, tax, insurance and financial regulations; decide on security and defense matters such as gun regulations and military organization; and “adapt” legislation to ensure “the equal distribution of wealth” as part of a new “social and economic model.”
Chavez also plans to reorganize regional territories and carry out reforms aimed at bringing “power to the people” through thousands of newly formed Communal Councils, in which Venezuelans will have a say on spending an increasing flow of state money on neighborhood projects from public housing to road repaving.
Lawmakers were scheduled to formally approve the law Wednesday in an outdoor session in Caracas’ Plaza Bolivar, next to the National Assembly.
Chavez’s supporters deny the law constitutes an abuse of power and argue radical steps are necessary to accelerate the creation of a more egalitarian society.
National Assembly President Cilia Flores said the special powers will enable Chavez to enact new laws that “will benefit the people, those who were excluded their whole lives. They are laws for inclusion and social justice.”
Others say the enabling law is dangerously concentrating power in the hands of single man.
Historian Ines Quintero said that with the new powers, Chavez will achieve a level of “hegemony” that is unprecedented in Venezuela’s nearly five decades of democratic history.
She said the effects will be “exponential” because Chavez will wield “extraordinary powers” in a context where state institutions are weakening and the division of powers is not being respected.
Chavez has requested special powers twice before.
In 1999, shortly after he was first elected, he was only able to push through two new taxes and a revision of the income tax law after facing fierce opposition in congress. In 2001, by invoking an “enabling law” for the second time, he decreed 49 laws including controversial agrarian reform measures and a law that sharply raised taxes on foreign oil companies operating in Venezuela.
This time, the law will give Chavez a free hand to bring under state control some oil and natural gas projects that are still run by private companies – the latest in a series of nationalist energy policies in Venezuela, a top oil supplier to the United States and home to South America’s largest gas reserves.
Chavez has said oil companies upgrading heavy oil in the Orinoco River basin – British Petroleum PLC (BP), Exxon Mobil Corp. (XOM), Chevron Corp. (CVX), ConocoPhillips Co. (COP), Total SA (TOT) and Statoil ASA (STO) – must submit to state-controlled joint ventures, as companies have already done elsewhere in the country.
The law gives Chavez the authority to intervene and “regulate” the transition to joint ventures if companies do not adapt to the new framework within an unspecified “peremptory period.”